Gastritis in cats: reasons, symptoms, diagnosis
Gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane and the lining of the stomach. Gastritis is divided into two types: an acute and chronic and its appearance can be primary or secondary. By its nature gastritis is divided into three types: karatal, hemorrhagic and purulent. Gastritis is accompanied by motoric, secretory and excretory disorders.
What causes gastritis in cats
The most frequent reason of gastritis in cats and dogs is wrong feeding. We have already told how you can feed a kitten and what you need to know when choosing cat food. However remember that malnutrition is the first reason.
The feeding poor quality or low-quality food (economy or premium) and unstable regime of feeding are the reasons of gastritis.
Besides or additionally sometimes a factor for gastritis may be even as a strong stress or allergic reaction. Regarding secondary gastritis it usually develops in conditions of lack of timely dental treatment and treatment of stomatitis, liver, kidney and other internal organs of a cat. Also gastritis may occur during various infectious diseases caused by viruses, microscopic fungi or bacteria.
What are the signs of gastritis in cats
The symptoms of gastritis occur in cats depending on the severity of the inflammatory process. If you don’t provide a qualified treatment for the animal in time the symptoms of heart failure (shortness of breath, accelerated heart rate) may reveal as a result of intoxication. However while developing of gastritis in cats these symptoms may reveal: constant depression and fatigue; pain in the stomach when pressed; increased salivation; persistent diarrhea or constipation (how to treat diarrhea in cats we have told); vomiting immediately after eating; temperature increase up to half a degree (in the acute phase); white fur on the tounge.
Very often an acute gastritis becomes chronic which lasts from one month to several years. This exacerbation of the disease varies by periods of remission. Symptoms of chronic gastritis in cat are the same as in the acute form but it is still possible to mention the bad smell from the animal’s mouth and pale mucous membranes.
How is gastritis diagnosed
Only a veterinarian can diagnose gastritis. He does this on the basis of anameza which is the story about symptoms the owner noticed and laboratory test of gastric contents. This approach allows the veterinarian determine accurately the type of gastritis and assign effective treatment. Of course the tests may show that this is not gastritis; then the vet will do other tests to determine what the cause of developing one or another symptoms was. In fact many diseases have very similar symptoms).
The treatment of gastritis in cats
Immediately after the diagnosis of gastritis the cat is transferred to a special diet. The first day the animal does not eat at all, then it eats only half of the normal portions and only then it is fed normally. How much time to feed your cat in either mode veterinarian will tell on the basis of an accurate diagnosis.
For the treatment of gastritis in cats they use the mucilaginous decoction (eg, rice or oat) which envelopes the stomach lining and at the same time decreases irritation of the mucous membrane. Decoction can be prepared from yarrow, calendula, fly, mint and other herbs immortelle. The decoction for the treatment of gastritis is cooked in the following way: herbs are put in boiling water for three minutes, the amount of herbs is ten times less than the amount of water. After cooking it is necessary to give it to cat 2-3 times a day with a dose of 15-20 ml of decoction.
In case of the temperature rise you should also give antibiotics. In addition the veterinarian may prescribe physical therapy (ultrasound and ultraviolet therapy) which gives an anti-inflammatory result. Drugs used to treat gastritis in humans are also frequently used (of course in lower doses).
And another key factor in the treatment of gastritis is feeding. It should be frequent but in small portions. If you feed your cat with ready food it is necessary to buy food for treatment of gastritis (they are included in the therapeutic line present in the majority of manufacturers). In case of constipation you should give your cat laxatives.
Preventing gastritis in cats
The main rule for the prevention of gastritis in cats is a full feeding with high-quality food and in time. Another important rule is timely treatment of infectious diseases the march of which can cause secondary gastritis. Take care of your pet so it is always as funny as a cat in the video below!
Videos: funny cat Tom