Among dogs breeds, such as Labrador, Rottweiler, Pug, Collie, and many others different forms of the fold ears are not rare but this is not common for cats. Therefore Scottish Folds quickly gained popularity among cat’s fans thanks to its originality.
The history of this breed is unique. Unlike many others this kind appeared of its own accord without the artificial crossing. That was 1961 when in a Scotland farm cat Susie was born with unusual ears unique for its breed. Later it became known that it happened due to random mutations. This cat Susie becomes the ancestor of all Scottish fold cats.
The Scottish Fold exists today because Susie attracted attention of breeder William Ross who was dealing the British cats. He and his wife were the first authors of the current Scottish Folds, creating for them the nursery «Denisla».
At that time there were few Scottish Fold cats so for their breeding mongrel British cats were used (for mating with pedigree partner). However, as a result of such an alliance kittens with less bent ears were born. In order to fasten the mutation it was decided to mate representatives of just this breed.
But then the breeders faced with a problem: kittens from both parents of this breed were born with locomotive system disorder. In the early 70-ies British scientist L. Jackson found that the problem with the backbone depends on the mutation Fold (genetic symbol Fd). Immediately thereafter, the organization GCCF banned further work with the Scottish Folds.
Fortunately for Scottish Fold lovers the prohibition was a bit late: in 1970 for studies of this mutation three pets were exported from Britain to the American Research Center. Due to the participation of professionals a special program was designed; it maintained the desired mutation and solved the problems of the locomotive system.
The American and European standards describe Scottish Folds almost identically. However, due to the fact that in Europe the breeding of this breed is often based on mating with the British shorthair cats, European individuals of this breed have ears not so adjoining and a skeleton more massive.
It’s a shame, but when buying kittens most people look for biggest kids that look impressive. But when the kitten reaches 7-8 months the owners face the fact that its ears slightly rise which does not look so impressive. It is happening because of the reasons described above.
Scottish Fold breed standards
- Breed is of medium size with round body, from the shoulders to the pelvis it is straight, massive and muscular, shoulders and chest are well-developed.
- Paws of medium length, slender and rounded.
- The head is rounded, smoothly comes to neck, jaws are strong, chin is hard.
- The nose is short and quite wide.
- The ears are small, drawn forward and downward; slightly rounded at the top.
- The eyes are large and wide open. The eye color depends on the color of fur.
- The fur is short, rather thick, plush and soft, is not very close to the body.
- The tail is of medium length, may be longer, rounded and narrowing at the top.
- Scottish Fold cats can be of any color.
The character of Scottish Fold
Scottish Folds are lovely, beautiful creatures with good character; they quickly adapt to new surroundings and people. Cats of this breed are very loyal, and if they stay in the family they are establishing close relationship with only one person. They will pay most attention to that person, may even follow him. However they also require attention from the owner.
At the same time Scottish Folds are not intrusive and demanding. They prefer lying next to the master, not on him. These cats are obedient, not hyperactive, so there are not so many problems with them. With such cat you just do not have to worry about the situation when the cat climbs on the cupboard or rushes throughout the apartment with incredible speed. Sometimes they can draw your attention only if you forget something important, for example, to feed them.
Nevertheles, Scottish Fold cats love to play, particularly in the small age. At the same time the kittens will surprise you with their particular strange postures. It refers to adults as well: they like to do kind of yoga sitting in kind of meditation pose with legs stretched forward or take the position of a chipmunk.
Scottish Fold cats quickly become accustomed to other animals and are not in conflict with them. They do not panick in unfamiliar places, such as the exhibition.
Scottish Folds Grooming and Care
Scottish Fold cats require minimal care, which is combing their fur 1-2 times a week. As for longhairs Scottish Folds it will take 2-3 times a week. Here you can read more about the grooming for the cats. In addition, because of folded ears, there are too much earwax, so ear cleaning is required for all types of Scottish Folds. More about the grooming can be found in the section “Caring for the cats.”
If you do not know how to feed the Scottish Fold cat please read the following articles: “How to feed a kitten”, “Ready cat food – types, classes, and all what is necessary to make a choice”, “Super premium cat food”. Also, you can visit the “Сat food reviews” in which our site not only makes reviews on popular food but also tells about their pros and cons, and publishes the submitted users’ reviews about this food.
Scottish Fold diseases
As it was mentioned earlier, the gene that is responsible for the unusual shape of the Scottish cat ears is also responsible for hereditary abnormalities of the locomotive system. Of course the careful selection significantly reduces the frequency of these deviations but as it is a genetic disorder connected to particular forms of the ears, the gene cannot be completely eliminated.
If you want to buy a kitten of Scottish Fold breed then, in any case, make sure the legs or tail are not too tough as this can be a sign of abnormality. More information about the treatment of Scottish cats from various diseases (worms, herpes, mites, eye diseases, and so on) you will find under the “Treatment of cats.”