What is the cat sterilization?
Speaking simply sterilization of cats is an artificial procedure that allows deprivation the animal of reproduction (i.e, produce offspring, give birth to kittens). There are three options of the sterilization procedure: oophorectomy, ovariogisteroektomy and tubal ligation. The easiest option is the third during which the veterinarian makes an incision in the side of the animal and bandages oviducts. However after such operation in cats the duration of heat increases and the aftereffects may appear.
More effective but not entirely reliable is a method of ovariectomy during which they cut the ovaries in cats. This method is not very reliable because of the fact that the ovaries may be regenerated. Furthermore the long term aftereffect of the procedure can become an uterine disease. Therefore most veterinarians support the second method – ovariogisteroektomy. During such sterilization in cats the ovaries and uterine are removed. Talking in medical terms it is a castration of the cat. Though the procedure is often called–sterilization.
Do I need to sterilize the cat?
Anyway most of the pet owners at least once in life wondered whether the sterilization of cats is necessary. The answer to this question depends on the purpose with which you have got this pet. If only because of the love for cats and you do not plan to breed them it is necessary to make the sterilization of cats. In such way you deprive yourself of irritable behavior of cats in heat without using different kinds of contraception which if used continuously can harm the animal. However if you want to give your cat the future offspring in the form of cute little kittens of course you do not need sterilization.
What is the best age and time for sterilization?
Anyone who wants to sterilize his cat tends to learn what age is best to do it. The answer is simple: in the age of sexual maturity for of cats, at the age of 7-9 months. Note that a cat can be sterilized in any other age. What matters is that it is not sick, pregnant or in a heat at the time of sterilization.
Pros and cons of cat sterilization
The pros of sterilization:
- The cat will not feel physical discomfort during the heat;
- The probability of tumors of the ovaries, uterine and purulent pyometra decreases or completely disappears;
- It is better to prevent the birth of kittens than to get rid of them (many cats owners still believe that this is normal);
- The cat will be calmer, won’t spoil the furniture or run away from home during certain periods;
The cons of sterilization:
- Sterilization is an operation and therefore there is always the risk, though very low, of unpredictable situations present;
- The cat hardly bears the recovery from anesthesia so it needs some time for rehabilitation.
Video:How to сare for cats after spaying
Caring for a cat after sterilization
Sterilization operation itself does not affect the cat’s state after completion but anesthesia given to the animal will influence it few more days. The first day the cat will generally be in the “semiconscious” state: poor orientation in space, bad coordination and sickliness. Therefore during this time you need to provide your cat with calm atmosphere and take care of it well (for example watch it and don’t let her to high places which she may fall of).
In the first hours after the sterilization the temperature of the cat may fall by one or two degrees and the cat will begin to feel cold. Therefore it is recommended to place the animal in a warm comfortable area and put a hot-water bottle to its back but in no way to the stitch. Five hours later after the operation of sterilization give it a bowl of water (earlier it is impossible). Feeding the cat is allowed only a day after the surgery. The portions should be three times less than normal but the food should be soft (even if before the cat ate only dry food).
In the case of operations on the abdominal raphe, the veterinarian will tell you how to handle the stitch. Usually 70% alcohol or chlorhexidine are used for this and the treatment is done once a day. Among other things after the operation up to the removal of stitches cat should be wrapped in a special blanket which is designed to prevent divergence of stitches while animal’s moves. You can buy such in the veterinary shop. Typically after 10-12 days the stitches are removed and then the cat can walk without blanket.
If a sterilization operation was carried out on the cat’s side, it is not necessary to treat the stitch. Also it should be noted that some time after the operation in the cat’s body there are still the sex hormones and therefore the cat can reveal sexual behavior. However after some time the hormones will be withdrawn from the body and this will stop. And statistics in the end: the cat after sterilization often has a better appetite and slower metabolism and therefore you should change its diet to a less calorie one to prevent animal’s obesity).